Tuesday 7 August 2012

A brief view of Uttarakhand

Written by Sunitamohan

A brief view of  Uttarakhand:

  • Uttarakhand(उत्तराखण्ड) was formerly known as Uttaranchal.
  •  It is a northern Indian state.
  • It established on 09th November 2000 and became 27th state of the India. 
  • Its boundary touches Tibet on the north, Nepal on the east  and Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest.  
  • Its total area is 53,483 km2 (20,682 sq mi)
  • Total Population is 1,01,16,752.
  • Area wise it ranks 18th while Population(2011) wise it ranks 20th in India.
  • Its Density is 189/km2.
  • Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 7th in India.
  •  Here literacy rate is 79.63%,  Sex ratio is 963.
  •  69.45% of the population lives in rural areas.
  •  Decadal growth rate of population during 2001–2011 is 19.17%.
  •  District with lowest density is Rudraprayag, while Disrict with highest density is Haridwar.
  •  Languages spoken in Uttarakhand are Hindi, Urdu, Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari, Bhotia, Bangani, etc. and Official languages areHindi and Sanskrit.  
  • Nati, hurka baul, jhumeila, chaufula, and Chholiya are some of the famous folk dances. Jagar, Mangals, basanti, khuded and chhopati are some of the famous folk songs.Dhol, damoun, turri, Ransingha, Dholki, Bhankora, daur, thali and masakbaja are some of the musical instruments.
  • Crops grown in Uttarakhand are Basmati rice, wheat, soybeans, groundnuts, coarse cereals, pulses, and oil seeds. Fruits like apples, oranges, pears, peaches, litchis, and plums are also grown. Agricultural export zones have been set up in the state for litchi, horticulture, herbs, medicinal plants, and basmati rice.
  • National Parks in Uttarakhand are: Corbett National Park,Rajaji National Park, Valley of Flower National Park, Nandadevi National Park, Gangotri National Park and Govind National Park. Govind Wild Life Sancturary, Kedarnath Wild Life Sancturary, Asaan barrage Bird Sanctuary, Mussoorie Wild Life Sancturary, Malan Sancturaryand Motichur Sancturary are also in Uttarakhand. 
  • It has total 13 districts, which are grouped into two divisions, Kumaon and Garhwal.
  • The Kumaon division includes 6 districts namely, Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh, Udhamsingh Nagar and the Garhwal division includes 7 districts namely Dehradun, Haridwar, Chamoli, Tehri, Uttarkashi, Pauri and Rurdrprayag. 
  • The High Court of the state is in Nainital which is 20th in the country.
  • Its capital (temporary) is Dehradun which is the largest city of the state too.
  • It has a unicameral house with 70 Members of the Legislative Assembly. 
  • Parliamentary constituencies are 5. 

  • Who is who in Uttarakhand? 
  • Governer:                       Mr. Aziz Qureshi
  • Chief Minister:               Sh. Vijay Bahuguna
  • Speaker:                       Govind Singh Kunjwal
  • Chief Secretary :           Shri Alok Kumar Jain 
(source of information: wikipedia, winsar publication, Janganana karya nideshalya Uttarakhand interim report and GoU website.)


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