Saturday, 7 September 2019

Is Uttarakhand on the path of improving its Sex Ratio at Birth?

Written by A Bisht

According to Indian Government, Uttarakhand among the states which saw an improvement in Sex ratio from 918 to 931 in five years: Smriti Irani

The Indian Government yesterday honoured the states of Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh for improving sex ratio at birth and awareness generation under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign.

Nine districts were also awarded for better sex ratio at birth. Uttarakhand's Udham Singh Nagar is among these districts.

During the event, 10 districts were also awarded for good work in awareness generation and outreach activities under the campaign.

Speaking on the occasion, Women and Child Development Minister, Smriti Zubin Irani said national sex ratio improved from 918 to 931 in last 5 years.

The improvement in national sex ratio at birth is a praiseworthy development.

The timing of the award makes it necessary to look at the problem of female foeticide in Uttarakhand

In June this year (2019), Uttarkashi became a talking point after local data showed that no girl child was born in 133 villages in the district in the past three months. Without wasting any time, the local authorities argued that the data was read incorrectly.

The arguments given to falsify the data can be read here. We found most of the arguments non-serious, hence not elaborating on them here. Simple reason being, no miracle can justify the birth of not a single girl child among 216 child births in a span of 3 months. In the same way, no miracle can justify the birth of not a single male child in 180 female births in the same span in a different set of villages.

As far as census data tells, female foeticide has remained a serious issue for Uttarakhand for 20 years now. The situation was not this serious in 2000 (Uttarakhand’s foundation year).

The sex ratio at birth (No. of Girl child born/No. of Boy child born) in 2011 census is below the National average in districts of Haridwar, Dehradun,Udham Singh Nagar and Nainital. These districts can be described as Urban (with Sex detection facilities, better outreach and healthcare) or have high/good literacy. Why such districts perform the worst in sex ratio at birth?

There are multiple reasons.

The most probable ones are -- Easy availability of sex detection facilities and better outreach programmes which sometimes help strengthen social perception against girl child. Last but not the least, in cases of female foeticide, high rate of literacy or better conventional education or economical status doesn't always reflect in a person's perception towards girl child.

As far as the better performing Hill districts of Uttarakhand are concerned then that may be due to low growth of population. The low growth of population may mean migration to more advanced districts for livelihood purposes, or for sex detection and foeticide purposes. In the absence of adequate data it is difficult to know the real situation.

To conclude, female foeticide is still a serious problem in Uttarakhand. In the absence of real data, it is difficult to believe in such claims made by Governments, Local authorities etc.  

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Friday, 23 August 2019

क्या तीर्थाटन या मंदिर पर्यटन से उत्तराखंड को फायदा हो रहा है ?

Written by A Bisht

ऋषिकेश स्थित चौरासी कुटी एंव रुद्रप्रयाग स्थित नारायण कोटि के बाद, उत्तराखंड सरकार अब तुंगनाथ, आदि बद्री, लाटू देवता और कार्तिकेय स्वामी स्थलों को भी दो निजी कंपनियों को हस्तांतरित कर रही है |

उत्तराखंड सरकार का यह मानना है की प्राकृतिक और सांस्कृतिक धरोहर को निजी हाथों में देने से, पर्वतीय राज्य में पर्यटन बढ़ेगा, जिससे न केवल धरोहर का अच्छा रख रखाव होगा, इससे रोजगार भी बढ़ेगा |

यह आंकलन सही नहीं प्रतीत होता |

इसका मुख्य कारण, इस तर्क को सहारा देने वाले शोध का आभाव है |

उत्तराखंड में पर्यटन को तीर्थाटन या मंदिर पर्यटन के रूप में देखा जाता है (मुख्यतः ) | हर वर्ष करोड़ों की संख्या में पर्यटक उत्तराखंड आते हैं , परन्तु उनके आगमन से उत्तराखंड सरकार को कितनी आमदनी होती है , यह स्पष्ट नहीं है |

मेरी दृष्टि में इस प्रकार के पर्यटन से उत्तराखंड राज्य मुनाफा नहीं, नुकसान कमाता है |

मंदिर अपने चढ़ावे की राशि का अंश सरकार को नहीं देते | परन्तु राज्य परिवहन से लेकर , पुलिस ऐंव सरकारी बंदोबस्त पर खासा खर्चा होता है | सड़कों की मरम्मत का खर्च अलग है |

इसके अतिरिक्त करोड़ों पर्यटकों के बोझ से उत्तराखंड का प्राकतिक संतुलन बिगड़ रहा है | इसका प्रत्यक्ष प्रमाण हर वर्ष अधिक विकरणल होती प्राकृतिक आपदाएं हैं |

इन सभी बिंदुओं को देखते हुए , सरकार को यह बताना चाहिए की इस पर्यटन योजना किस प्रकार उत्तराखंड निवासियों के लिए हितकर है |  कितना अच्छा रोज़गार बढ़ रहा है | 

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Monday, 24 June 2019

Corbett Tiger Reserve tourist footfall decreases by 1000, Officials concerned!

Written by A Bisht

Tourist footfall in Corbett, Rajaji sees decline first time in four years

The decline in tourist footfall is problematic for any state which sees tourism a major source of its income.

But how much decline in such income requires a probe?

Will you, being the concerned authority, order a probe if the decline in the annual tourist footfall is from Rs. 2.84 crore to Rs. 2.83 crore?

The answer will be NO. Even when such a decline is seen after five years.

Why? .... Because the decrease is of just 1000 tourists!

The Wildlife Officials concerned in Uttarakhand seem to think otherwise.

According to this news article, the marginal dip in the tourist footfall in the Corbett Tiger Reserve and Rajaji National Park, the two premier tiger habitats in Uttarakhand, from 2.84 lakh to 2.83 in Corbett Tiger Reserve and from 61,507 in 2017-18 to 55,091 respectively in Rajaji National Park in 2018-19, is a matter of concern for the officials.

What reasons they can think of for the decline?

The Uttarakhand high court orders of limiting the number of vehicles entering the parks and ban on
night stay (which was later relaxed by the Supreme Court).

If these are the reasons they can think of, then as Wildlife Officials they must be Happy. If they are pressed by the question of tourism income, then they can sit back. The probe into 1000 less tourists cannot yield any results.

The news article doesn't serve any purpose. It seems just another piece of paid article.

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